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SELF-PROTECTION Sport: An Analysis of the Connection between the Experience of Winning a Competition and the Experience of Being Selected as a Representative Player of Middle and High School and College Judo Players

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admin
Date
2020-12-30 12:39
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176

Abstract


Purpose: This study analyzed 198 middle and high school and college judo players in Daegu and Gyeongbuk Province as of 2020 for the connection between their experience of winning a competition and being selected as a representative player.
Method: Using the SPSS 23.0 program, this study conducted a frequency analysis to identify the general characteristics of the study subjects and calculated Cronbach's α coefficient to verify the reliability of the questionnaire. Chi-Square was conducted to find out the connection between the experience of winning a competition and being selected as a representative player.
Results: The study found that men had more experience of being selected as a representative player than women and that they had more experience of winning a competition as the school year advanced. In addition, as the school year advances, the experience of being selected as a representative player increases, and the longer the player's career, the more the experience of winning a competition. The longer the player's career, the more the experience of being selected as a representative player, and the more the experience of being selected as a representative player if one has the experience of winning a competition.
Conclusion: The results confirmed through this study believed to be fully utilized as basic data for training plans and management for judo players to improve their performance, but due to the limited number of study subjects, differences in the level of participating players, region, gender, and career, it is considered to be somewhat difficult to generalize the results of this study.

Keyword:Self-Protection Sport, Middle School, High School, College, Judo Players
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to address the horizontal fiscal imbalance caused by the financial decentralization of local governments in Korea, and propose a direction for the introduction of the horizontal fiscal equalization system for the protection of financially lagging area. Method: To achieve the purpose of this study, the primary details of the first phase of financial decentralization were confirmed based on the theory of the financially lagging area and the horizontal mediation system. Furthermore, the regional synergistic development fund, which is a similar system currently implemented, and the direction of its introduction, were examined. Results: As a result of the study, first, the fact the regional balanced distribution is very much needed through the protection of financially lagging area and the regional solidarity was confirmed. Second, to introduce the horizontal fiscal equalization system, it is necessary to provide a direction for the introduction of the system which may achieve a basic agreement among the local governments, which are direct stakeholders. Third, the form of the system is introduced as a fund, and an expansionary system’s development plan based on the existing regional synergistic development fund system may be considered. Fourth, it is necessary to use the local consumption tax in terms of adequacy and stability of the financial resources and relaxing the tax revenue imbalance between the local governments in connection with the fiscal decentralization. Fifth, as for the distribution index, it is necessary to use to the farthest extent possible the variables related to population, population characteristics, per capita income, and area, which are among the variables beyond the control of local governments. Sixth, it is necessary for the principal of management to secure a sufficient size for the local government for spending the financial resources. Conclusion: The horizontal fiscal equalization system ought to, first, pursue a comprehensive development of balance for the region, and second, aim to address the gap in financial power between the regions, and third, be introduced in the form of complementing the vertical financial mediation.
    Keyword:Financial Decentralization, Horizontal Fiscal Equalization System, Protection of Financially Lagging Area, Regional Synergistic Development Fund, Regional Solidarity
  • Purpose: This study has analyzed the differences between fun, flow, and self-directed learning according to the background variables and the characteristics of senior citizens participating in the Health Qigong program with a view to use them as the basic data for the senior citizens’ health education. Method: Participants in this study were 241 elderly people participating in the Health Qigong program at senior welfare centers, senior centers, and public health centers located in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do, Korea. As an analysis method, MANOVA was conducted to examine the differences in fun, flow, and self-directed learning according to background characteristics such as age, education, training experience, number of training sessions, and residence type, which are background variables of the elderly. Results: As a result of study, the fun variable, flow variable, and the self-directed learning variable demonstrated differences each according to the demographic background variable. In particular, it was evident that the demographic characteristics of age, training experience, and number of training sessions demonstrated the statistically significant differences for fun, flow, and self-directed learning. Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrate the possibility that very active physical activities and related experiences for the senior citizens for health intervention would bring about the self-directed learning through the experiences of fun and flow, which in turn might impact the improvement of the quality of life for the old age. It confirmed that in terms of the operation of the Health Qigong program, it is necessary to accommodate the needs by age, experience, and number of training sessions, and also induce the senior citizens participating in the exercises to participate in the program positively through the development of the Health Qigong program towards that end.
    Keyword:Health Qigong, Senior Citizens, Fun, Flow, Self-Directed Learning
  • Purpose: This study, the focus group interview was utilized to explore in depth the perceptions and attitude towards the effects of meridian massage and thermotherapy, which are widely used by and at beauty & health multi shops as the pain relief intervention programs. Method: As for the study participants, 16 participants and managers who have used meridian massage and thermotherapy of the beauty health multi shop for 10 years or longer were selected by a nomadic sampling method through an expert meeting. The focus group interview was conducted by dividing the users and participants of meridian massage and thermotherapy into 2 groups. As for the analysis of contents, attempts were made to categorize the data through open coding and axial coding via systematic methods of the qualitative research Results: As a result of conducting the group interview on the perceptions and attitude of the users and managers of the beauty health multi shop on the pain relief programs, 4 areas, 14 themes, and 92 categories were derived as a result of performing the repeated comparative analysis of data, and the common contents among the groups were confirmed in an integrated manner. Conclusion: In this study, the perceptions and attitude of the users and managers concerning the meridian massage and thermotherapy, which are used as pain relief programs at and by beauty & health multi shop, were confirmed by using the focus group interview. Various and factual opinions were ascertained based on the results of this study, and it is well expected that they will be used as the basic data for the non-medical health care service area moving forward.
    Keyword:Meridian Massage, Hyperthermia, Perception, Attitude, Focus Group Interview
  • Purpose: This study was conducted by using a phenomenological approach among the qualitative research methods, which is an inductive narrative method, with a view to examine in greater depth as to what changes are taking place in the women's perception of beauty care after COVID-19. Method: As for the research participants, 8 women who are serving in the beauty and health related industry in Korea were selected via the purposive sampling method. As for the data analysis of the in-depth interview contents, the 4-step phenomenological analytical method proposed by Giorgi was used, and to secure the validity of the study, the 8 evaluation criteria of the phenomenological research proposed by Cresswell for the validity strategy of the qualitative study were applied mutatis mutandis. Furthermore, to secure the reliability of the study, the truth value, applicability, consistency, and neutrality proposed by Guba and Lincoln were applied. Results: Results of the study, 113 semantic units, 20 sub-components, and 6 elements were eventually derived. The contents of the components were identified to be the changes in the perception of information search, changes in the interest of beauty, positive perception of evaluation according to wearing a mask, negative perception of evaluation according to wearing a mask, observation of other people's appearance management and information exchange, and the changes in the interpersonal perception. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, it was verified that the Korean women's perception of beauty care has changed, and that it is transforming into the beauty behaviors for the rational consumption according to the situation due to the social disaster of the COVID-19. It is expected that such research results will be used as the behavioral scientific data on the changes in the women's beauty care in the future era of infectious diseases.
    Keyword:COVID-19, Women, Experience, Perception, Beauty Care
  • Purpose: This study sought to examine the effect of core job characteristics, which is a concept related to the protection of medical skincare workers, on the organizational effectiveness with a focus on the mediating effect of self-efficacy. The aim is to help facilitate the development of the beauty service industry by promoting the achievement of organizational goals by securing professional manpower with job performance skills and by elevating the quality of the customer satisfaction services. Method: In this study, 405 copies of the online questionnaires for the medical skincare workers serving at skincare rooms and plastic surgery clinics by utilizing the IBM SPSS Statistics 25 program. To validate the effect of the core job characteristics of medical skincare workers on the organizational effectiveness by mediating self-efficacy, a 3 phased hierarchical multiple regression analysis was performed following the validation procedures of the mediating effect proposed by Baron & Kenny(1986) and the Sobel test was conducted to validate the mediating effect. Results: As a result of carrying out a 3 phased hierarchical multiple regression analysis in this study, in the first phase, among the sub-factors of the core job characteristics, which are the independent variables, job importance, feedback, job diversity, and autonomy, excluding job identity, were found to have sequentially impacted positively on the parameter of self-efficacy. In the second phase, among the sub-factors of the core job characteristics, which are the independent variables, autonomy, feedback, and job importance were found to have sequentially impacted positively on the dependent variable of organizational effectiveness. Lastly, the parameter self-efficacy and the independent variables of autonomy and feedback were found to have a positive effect on the organizational effectiveness. In the result of the Sobel test additionally conducted to validate the mediating effect, it was found that self-efficacy plays a mediating role in the relationship where job importance and feedback are impacting the organizational effectiveness. Conclusion: Based on the result of this study, it was validated that the job importance and feedback of the medical skincare workers increase the self-efficacy, and the increased self-efficacy in turn increases the organizational effectiveness. Hence, if self-efficacy is increased by providing feedback through education and a systematic inspection of their job with supervisors and colleagues for the perception of the importance of job for the members of organization, it will not only bring a positive effect on the performance of the organization, but also protect the employees, thereby promoting the achievement of organizational goals via efficient manpower management.
    Keyword:Medical Skincare, Core Job Characteristics, Self-Efficacy, Organizational Effectiveness, Job Importance
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to provide implications for efficient manpower management and successful organizational performance by identifying the influential factors that internal marketing and career motivation have on job satisfaction and organizational commitment for medical skincare workers Method: This study used the SPSS 22.0 program as an empirical method of analyzing 350 copies of an online survey conducted among medical skincare workers in 17 cities and provinces nationwide and performed multiple regression analysis to examine the effects of internal marketing and career motivation on job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Results: As a result of this study, the hypothesis 1, internal marketing will affect job satisfaction, showed that internal communication has a significant positive(+) effect on intrinsic satisfaction and management support, internal communication, and compensation systems have a significant positive(+) effect on extrinsic satisfaction. In the hypothesis 2, career motivation will affect job satisfaction, it was found that career insight, career resilience, and career identity have a significant positive(+) effect on intrinsic satisfaction while career resilience and career identity have a significant positive(+) effect on extrinsic satisfaction.Similarly,in hypothesis 3, job satisfaction will affect organizational commitment, intrinsic satisfaction and extrinsic satisfaction were found to have a significant positive(+) effect on organizational commitment. Conclusion: Identifying and presenting internal marketing factors to achieve career goals and satisfy workers through this studyiscrucial for organizational performance.Therefore, it is deemed necessary to provide opportunities for career development activities through smooth communication between management and workers, education, training, and compensation policiesto protect the work of medical skincare workers by creating a work environment that satisfies and encourages them to actively concentrate on their work even in unfavorable situations.
    Keyword:Medical Skincare Workers, Internal Marketing, Career Motivation, Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment
  • Purpose: Body composition status is influenced by changes in sex hormones, and this status is also closely related to normal daily life and the risk of various chronic diseases. On the other hand, the relative length of the second and fourth fingers(2D:4D ratio) has been proposed as a marker of prenatal androgen action of sensitivity to testosterone, with a lower 2D:4D being associated with high androgen exposure.In this study, it was examined the relationship between the 2D:4D ratio and various body composition parameters measured by bioelectric impedance analysis(BIA) in young adults to determine the usability of the 2D:4D ratio as a predictor of finger length- related diseases. Method: Ninety-three healthy individuals(60 men and 33 women, age 17-19 years) participated. Subjects’ body weight and height were measured, and body mass index(BMI) was calculated. Body fat mass, % body fat, % abdominal fat, skeletal mass, % muscle mass, and % bone mineral density was measured using BIA. SMI(skeletal muscle index) was calculated. The lengths of the second and fourth fingers of the right and left hands were measured using a electronic digital caliper, and the 2D:4D ratio and difference of the digit ratio between the right and left hands(Dr-l) were also calculated. The differences in anthropometric and body composition variables between males and females was analyzed using independent t-test. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used to determine the relationship between finger length measures(the 2D:4D ratio and Dr-l) and body composition parameters. The significance level was considered as p ≤ 0.05 at all stages. Results: In this study, significant sexually dimorphic differences were found in all results of the anthropometric measures and body composition parameters, excluding Dr-l and % abdominal fat. The height and weight of men were significantly higher than that of women, and the variable related to fat-free mass of men among body composition was significantly higher than that of women. On the other hand, women were significantly higher than men in variables related to body fat mass. As the main findings about the correlation results between the finger length measures and the body composition parameters, there was a significant difference in the 2D:4D ratio between males and females, but all variables except male muscle mass were not significantly correlated with finger length measures. Conclusion: Although the 2D:4D ratio has been proposed as a marker of prenatal androgen action and of sensitivity to testosterone, these results found in this study suggest that finger length measures may not be a preventive indicator for predicting body composition differences and diseases associated with sex hormones and finger length parameters.
    Keyword:Protection, Aging, Androgen, Disease, Finger Length Ratio
  • Purpose: Just as the natural environment is vital for people to live in, the park and green area, which are indicators for eco-friendly development, are essential when proceeding with urban development projects. Therefore, this study reviewed focusing on the park and green area ratio in the environmental impact assessment for urban development projects. Through this, we intended to provide a comprehensive guideline for environmental land use planning and design for urban development or residential land development projects and to guide plans and designs based on this. Method: The analysis was based on the environmental impact assessment, which was investigated for 145 urban development projects for 18 years from 2003 to 2020. We conducted a one-way ANOVA analysis to determine the difference between the green area rate by year, the green area rate by region, the population density by region, and the park area per person by region. Post-hoc analysis was performed by the Scheffe test. To conduct the above statistical analysis, we used the Spss Statistics 21 statistics program. Results: The number of consultations on environmental impact assessment for urban development projects by year was the highest in 2006 and 2008, with 14 cases(9.66%). The green area rate by year was as high as 25.09% in 2005, 24.88% in 2007, and 22.73% in 2009. The green area rate by region was the highest in the Gangwon area with 22.63%, followed by 20.47% in the metropolitan area, 19.59% in the Honam area, and 19.51% in the Chungcheong area. The population density by region was the highest with 2.10(person/m2) in the metropolitan area. Next the Gangwon area was 1.99(person/m2) and the Southeast area was 1.80(person/m2). The park area per person by region was the largest in the Honam area, with 10.93m2. Conclusion: The area of parks and green spaces is seen as the minimum standard stipulated by law. However, the high green area ratio and the difference in population density by region during active urban development projects are to create a pleasant residential environment. Therefore, in a place with high population density, it is necessary to establish a high standard for securing green space to create a comfortable living environment. Also, in the case of parks, the location is essential as well as the area. Since green areas on slopes excluding parks in the green area ratio are difficult to use, we insist that green areas on slopes should be reduced, and park areas should be set high to create a pleasant residential environment.
    Keyword:Urban Development Plan, Urban Development Projects, Parks, Green Areas, Green Area Ratio
  • Purpose: Sports leaders need systematic and professional knowledge acquisition, social approval of professional authority and privileges, and social contribution services in order to receive trust and recognition from sports participants. Sports leaders should be recognized by sports participants through their efforts to cultivate professionalism. This is especially important for sports participants because it has a lot of influence on sports activities as a whole, such as continuous participation or suspension of exercise by sports leaders' awareness of professionalism. Therefore, this study is meaningful in presenting data for the development of sports leaders' qualifications and efficient operation of related institutions to provide excellent service in sports facilities through a study on the impact of professional awareness on sports leaders. Method: As of 2021, the purpose of the survey was explained to the users of 5 sports facilities in Daegu Metropolitan City by personally visiting the sports centers they are using. A questionnaire survey was conducted using the self-evaluation writing method of 350 people who agreed to write the questionnaire. Among the collected data, 319 questionnaires were taken as valid samples, excluding the data whose responses to the questionnaire were not faithful or part of the survey contents were omitted. In this study, frequency analysis was performed to find out the general characteristics of survey participants using SPSS Pro-gram 25.0, and factor analysis and Cronbach's α coefficient were calculated to verify the validity and reliability of the questionnaire. In addition, correlation analysis was performed to find out the relationship between variables, and multiple regression analysis was performed to find out the influence of the variables. Results: As a result of factor analysis and reliability verification for professional recognition, the Eigen valueand Cronbach's α coefficient of the occupationally factor were 5.359(α=.927), and the ideological factor was 4.147(α=.859). As a result of factor analysis and reliability verification for Role Expectation, the Eigen value and Cronbach's α coefficient of the relationship factor were 5.824(α=.845), the expertise factor 5.124(α=.802), and the role factor 4.382(α=.837), and the outcome factor was 3.762(α=.765). As a result of factor analysis and reliability verification for service satisfaction, the Eigen value and Cronbach's α coefficient of the service satisfaction factor was 9.457(α=.945). As a result of performing correlation analysis using SPSS, the relationship between all constituent concepts It appears as a positive(+) correlation, and the direction of the relationship between the variables is consistent. In the effect of sports participants' professional perception of sports leaders on Role Expectation and service satisfaction, professional perception affects Role Expectation and service satisfaction, and Role Expectation affects service satisfaction. Conclusion: Professional perception affects Role Expectations. Professional perception affects service satisfaction. Role Expectation affects service satisfaction. Therefore, in order for sports leaders to be recognized as professionals and provide quality services, they must first clearly recognize that they are professional, acquire professional knowledge for work and cultivate culture, mature personality and high responsibility, ethical awareness, and service. There is a need for continuous efforts that can be trusted by users of facilities and services.
    Keyword:Sports Participants, Sports Leaders, Professional Recognition, Role Expectation, Service Satisfaction
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the National Examination Protection Convergence Education Program conducted through 18 sessions for underperforming nursing students on their ego-resiliency, social support, and job-seeking stress Method: The National Exam Protection Convergence Education Program comprised of special lectures for eight subjects of the national examination for nurses was carried out by full-time professors of each of the major subjects three times a week for a total of 18 sessions. It is one group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental research comparing 66 nursing students with an average GPA of 3.0 or less(out of 4.5) before and after the education program. The participants were interviewed by academic advisers from time to time. Method: General characteristics were examined by actual numbers and percentages and pre-post analysis of ego-resiliency, social support, and job-seeking stress for the national examination education program was conducted through paired sample t-test using SAS 9.3 program. Results: As a result of analyzing the changes in ego-resiliency, social support, and job-seeking stress before and after the National Examination Protection Convergence Education Program, it was found that the average for ego-resiliency and social support significantly increased from 3.52 to 3.78(t=5.16, p=<.000) and 3.89 to 4.04(t=2.61, p=<.011), respectively. On the other hand, no significant difference was found in job-seeking stress before and after the program(t=1.15 p=.253). Conclusion: The study was conducted to understand the effects of a national examination education program by making comparisons of data obtained before and after an 18-session, 40-hour education program for underperforming students, and it revealed significant differences in ego-resiliency and social support before and after the education program; however, there found no change in job-seeking stress.
    Keyword:Education, Nursing Students, Ego-Resiliency, Social Support, Job-Seeking Stress